Gingivitis versus periodontitis
Gingivitis, one of two forms of gum disease, involves a minor inflammation of the gum and is caused by inadequate dental hygiene, illness, heredity, or even stress. If left untreated, gingivitis generally develops into periodontitis.
Periodontitis is painless but involves a series of bacteria (plaque and tartar) that damage the gum and destroy the supporting bone of the teeth.
It is important to detect gingivitis or periodontitis problems early, so that they can be controlled appropriately so as to avoid irreversible outcomes. See your dentist regularly for an oral health examination.